United States of America
United States of America said to be discovered by Christopher Columbus, was originally discovered by America Vespuci. He actually sailed to the land and he couldn’t name it. He returned his confusion. Christopher Columbus who sailed came to know that America Vespuci had already been here and hence named it America. It’s origin in the modern Era was filled with meaning. Europe’s ways, both the new and old, could be planted in America fee of the choking weeds of outmoded habits. In the beginning America acted as a testing ground and it was difficult to predict what would happen. There is a great saying “Capitalism of America came in the first ships”, To the men coming from the “Tight little isle” the vast land of America, Though untamed and dense with forest, was remarkably like the old, both in flora that covered it and in the crops that it would yield. The failure in New York and Maryland to reconstitute the manners of Europe did not prevent the founders of the Carolinas from making one more attempt. In the Fundamental Constitution of 1669, provisions were included for “leet-men” who would not be able to go off from the land of their particular lord without permission. It was declared “all- leet men’s children shall be leet-men, and so to all generations”. This was the inducement of slavery in America in the 15th Century.
To most Americans, for the matter to core of the Puritan social heritage has been summed up is Macaulay’s well known witticism that the puritans prohibited bearbaiting not because of torture but to bear, because of pleasure it afforded to the spectators. For one who cherishes American political institutions, the manner in which representative Government began in the Seventeenth century might well make him shudder as well as wonder. The precautious existence of this first representative assembly in America was emphasized in 1624, when the grown, for various reasons revoked the Company’s charter. The king declaring that “the Government of the colonies of Virginia shall immediately depend upon our shelf”. Interestingly enough, in the light of the later Revolution, among their earliest laws was the prohibition upon the Governor and the council. As the germ of the Revolution is to be detached in the political history of the Seventeenth Century, So the genesis of social war is implicit on its social history. In 1671, the Governor of Virginia estimated that Negroes made up less than 5% of the population. From the opening years of the eighteenth century to the opening years of the nineteenth Century, the Negroes were treated only as slaves in the country. In the middle of the nineteenth century, the population of blacks tuned out to be 30% in the total population of America. Bon as a cobbler Abraham Lincoln gave the say to the democracy as “Government by the people, for the people and of the people” and put out its untouchability against the blacks. They were started to be respected equally. Then “The United States of America” came into being with Washington DC as the capital city.
United States of America is now geographically set with Washington D.C. as capital. The other large cities are New York, Los Angles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, San Diego, Boston, Miami. It has a literacy rate of 97%. The Land Area of United States is 9,372,614 sq.kms. The main religion of USA is Christianity.
The victory of the Allies in World War-I made USA a world power. The end of the World War-II saw the emergence of USA as the one of the Super power. With break up of USSR in 1991, it has now become the only super power.
The union originally compressed 13 States, to which 7 were added subsequently. 30 Other states, which were formally territories, were also admitted into the union as full states, does making up 50 states in all apart from District of Columbia. The States of America are as follows: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinoisans, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Regarding agriculture main crops are Maize, Wheat, Soya beans, Barely, Oats, Rice, Sugar Potatoes, Cotton, Tobacco and Dairy products. The major industries are Iron and Steel, food and kinder products, chemicals, Metal products, Electronic Equipments, Machinery, Transportation Equipment, Paper, Petroleum products, Fertilizers and Plastic.
The main Minerals mined in the USA are Coal, Copper, Lead, Phosphates, Uranium, Zink, Gold, Silver, Iron, Molybdenum, and Oil. The oil reserves in USA, the World’s biggest oil producer, are expected to last only 10 years if the output continues at current rate. USA mainly exports machinery, chemicals, Motor Vehicles, Aircraft, Military Equipments, Grains and Cereals.
The US is the only industrial country where large population increases are still projected, largely as the result of immigration. In July 1997 USA conducted its first underground Nuclear-related test since 1992 Moratorium on July 5, the US Spacecraft “Path Finder” landed on Mars.
The Recent events that took place in USA from 2001 are, On September 11, 2001 terrorist crashed two planes into New York’s World trade center, leading to the collapse of the twin 110 Storey towers, another plane hit Pentagon, and a Forth Crash in Pittsburg. Major cities in the US and Canada were hit by power failure which lasted for hours in August 2003. Space shuttle Columbia broke up on return to earth from a 16 day mission and a crew of seven men including Indian American Kalpana Chawla, Six Americans and an Israeli died on February 1.
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